Give – Preach and Teach:
Explanation (What do I say?)
STEP 1: DETERMINE YOUR OBJECTIVES. What do you want to do with all you’ve learned? Where do you want to want to be spiritually six months from now? A year from now? Five years from now? You and I need a consistent reading and study plan and then a game plan on how we’re going to give what we know.
God wants and can use anyone that is surrendered to Christ and the Spirit to teach the Bible: “Give me one hundred preachers who fear nothing but sin and desire nothing but God, and I care not whether they be clergymen or laymen, they alone will shake the gates of Hell and set up the kingdom of Heaven upon Earth.” ~ John Wesley
STEP 2: PRAY FOR GOD ’S GRACE. Be prepared and be prayed up. Pray for grace to desire and long for His Word. Pray for grace to grow in the knowledge of His Word and grace to love Him more as a result of your time in His Word.
STEP 3: FIND A SMALL GROUP. As you begin studying the Bible properly, you should yourself constantly asking, “How can I apply this text by teaching it to others? How can I use my time in the Word to make, mature and multiply more disciples of all nations?”
Studying the Bible in isolation completely misses the point of God’s design for His Word. He wants to enable you to share what He teaches you with others. If we only soak it in and we never pour it out, we are taking a self-centered approach to God’s Word, always receiving but never reproducing.
Find someone with a desire to learn who knows less than you do, and pass on what you know in a systematic way in discipleship (church ministry). The motivation for studying Scripture will largely come from one's responsibility to disciple someone else or others.
How many of you remember the story of Eutychus (Acts 20:7, 9)? You don’t want a Eutychus on your hands when you preach or teach the Bible though you can’t control the heart and energy of the listener.
Preparation to speak: meditate on the text deeply. Spend time re-reading the passage you’re going to teach on over and over again. Pray through the passage. Ask God to illumine your understanding of the text and to bring your life into conformity with the meaning of the text.
Pray for the Spirit’s anointing or an unction to prepare and speak: D. Martin Lloyd-Jones said, “The greatest essential in connection with preaching…is the unction and the anointing of the Holy Spirit” (Preachers and Preaching, 304).
If you are not familiar with this word unction, here’s how Lloyd-Jones defines it: “It is the Holy Spirit falling upon the preacher (teacher) in a special manner. It is an access of power. It is God giving power, and enabling, through the Spirit.” This is so you don’t rely or worry about your skill, your efforts completely to get the word across. Is that biblical? “Our gospel came to you not only in word, but also in power and in the Holy Spirit and with full conviction” (1 Thess. 1:5).”
Goal: explain the text (what it says, what it means by what it says and what we do with what it means by what it says). Expository preaching/teaching : “It is preaching or teaching whose subject matter emerges directly and demonstrably from a passage or from some passages of Scripture. In other words, its content and structure clearly reflect what Scripture says.”
Ezra and the Levites gave the “sense” (explain). During Israel’s return from exile, when all the people gathered to hear the law, Ezra and all the Levites traveled among the people and explained it to them. “They read from the book, from the Law of God, clearly, and they gave the sense, so that the people understood the reading” (Neh. 8:8).
Jesus interpreted the law, prophets, and writings. On the road to Emmaus, Jesus took two disciples through all three parts of the Hebrew Bible and demonstrated how the point of the entire OT was him (Luke 24:27, 32).
Paul nailed it in 1 verse: Until I come, devote yourself to the public reading of Scripture, (presentation - observation) to exhortation (preaching-application), to teaching (explanation- 1 Tim. 4:13). The Great Commission comes from expository preaching/teaching (Matt. 28:19-20a). I promise you this teaching will draw you deeper into the word, therefore your relationship with God, his gospel and his Christ.
- Give the Big Idea:
You want to find a way to structure your study or sermon in such a way that you communicate this main point of the text in a simple and memorable way. Your sermon or study outline should give your group something to hang their hats on, a way to easily understand the point of the text and easily follow the study.
The theme -- this is what gives us the “ah-ha” moment, it’s the main point of the passage.
The doctrine -- the dominant theological issue and teaching found in the psg; overarching principle.
The aim -- application (gives meaning to the exposition)- in a single sentence your aim or objective for the audience; it answers the questions: so what? Now what?
Case Study: The Great I AM: “Do or Die” John 6:60-71
Outline: Those that Do and Are (60-65); Those that Don’t and Are Not (66-71).
Grammatical structure and Exegetical insights: NT narrative and didactive teaching
66 After this (60) many of his disciples turned back (went back, withdrew = went away) and no longer walked (Heb. = way of life) with him.
They were no longer willing to walk alongside him (peripatein, the word used to epitomize discipleship). Their grumbling (61) was not in fact very different from the opponent’s grumbling (41). This is one of the 3 most difficult passages in the Bible (Gen. 3:6,8; Matt. 7:21,23).
Theme: it is the words of Christ that divide the true believer from the unbeliever.
Doctrines: salvation – the acknowledgment of who is the church, the elect.
Aim: to have people examine their spiritual condition to see if they are true disciples of Christ.
- Be Clear and Paint Pictures:
• Write the way you speak.
• Be simple, clear and direct (1 Cor. 2:1-2).
• Less is more.
• Paint pictures (parables- Matt. 22:1-14, Wedding Feast/kingdom/gospel).
Includes: introductions, conclusions, and illustrations help your hearers see how the text’s point intersects with their lives. Don’t sweat the small stuff and just concentrate on the meat. ”The preacher is not a chef; he's a waiter. God doesn't want you to make the meal; He just wants you to deliver it to the table without messing it up. That's all.” ~ John MacArthur